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Neustadt in Holstein

As part of the semester project, an inventory analysis of the Neustadt urban fringe was carried out. Within this analysis, the context, urban and settlement structure, open space and landscape, uses, and mobility were examined.  


Scroll down to discover the results of the analysis...

The analysis

Neustadt has a varied history as a town dominated by trade and agriculture, during which the townscape changed several times and the effects are still visible in the townscape today.

Due to the construction of the Fehmarn Belt Tunnel and the expected increase in importance of the region, Neustadt could take on an even more important role as a sub-center with the partial function of a medium-sized center. Positive economic impulses are expected, although it is difficult to forecast the required space and the effects, e.g. for logistics or tourism.

Furthermore, Neustadt is an aging city whose demographic development, including moving-in retirees, emphasizes the importance of barrier-free housing in the future. Sustainable approaches in various key areas of urban development are already being pursued by Neustadt. However, consistent application of the sustainability concept in practice will become even more important in the future.



The old town core is characterized by historic architecture of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries as well as perimeter block development. On the west side of the harbor, a large number of commercial buildings were erected in the 20th century, which form the dominant structures in the southwest. In addition, solitary and terraced buildings characterize the middle west, which is dominated only in the northwest by single-family and multi-family houses.

After the end of the Second World War, large-scale housing estates were built south of the old town center. The newly developed areas are partly homogeneous, but in the overall urban context, the multitude of building structures reveals a great heterogeneity. This picture extends from the northeastern part to the south of the city. Here, the constant change of structures creates a certain dynamic. A special feature is the interruption of the development structure in the direction of Pelzerhaken, where there is hardly any development for several kilometers.

City and settlement

Open space can be viewed from different angles. Depending on the perspective from which the open space is viewed, the demands on it also change. A multi-perspective view tries to meet the different demands by differentiating between tourism, local (also working) population and fauna in the map. In some areas, perspectives may overlap. An example of this is the marketplace in the center, where both the tourist and local perspectives apply. However, the coastal section in particular is heavily influenced by the tourist perspective. The outskirts of the city, consisting primarily of agricultural land and much of the salt marsh, are dominated by the animal perspective. Areas of conflict also arise between the individual areas of the open space system and the surrounding structures. For example, some of the animal movement patterns are influenced by the fabric area to the west and a connection between the salt marshes is broken.

Open space and landscape


The medium-sized town of Neustadt is characterized by a busy core and extensive agricultural areas, which are interrupted by residential and commercial areas. The distribution of uses can be divided into clear, almost exclusively monofunctional areas. The only exceptions are the old town with its lively first floor zone and the areas at the beach and Pelzerhaken, where tourism and housing dominate as uses. These two areas are most frequently visited by visitors and residents during the day and are of particular public interest. Along the promenade axis, there is also a high local recreational value.

Other points of attraction are the Ameos Clinic, the industrial park and the harbor. The boundaries to the open space are rather soft, but the peripheral space to these is mostly underused (e.g. as a parking lot or storage area) and thus further potential uses are offered. At night, the commercial area to the west is a deserted space and could be revitalized and made more attractive by evening uses.

The challenges and potentials of future planning will be primarily to incorporate the open space boundary and to design the space with attractive and invigorating uses.


The A1 represents a supraregional connection for the MIV in Neustadt. Numerous country roads leading into the city center in a star shape support the regional influence as a middle center. However, the location on the Neustadt Bay leads to a bottleneck in the city center, so that the east and west sides are only connected by a single two-lane bridge. Resulting congestion impedes traffic and exacerbates the problem of emissions along the main thoroughfares. Since there are more residences on the east side and more commercial on the west side, there is work-related alternating traffic that adds to the congestion.

Similar to the A1, the rail line provides a cross-regional connection and allows for a quick change to the regional bus network at the Zob / train station, although these buses are sometimes restricted by the stalled MIV. The bus frequency in the city center is good, although it weakens considerably towards the outskirts of the city, resulting in gaps in the bus stop network in some places. The weak connections to the outskirts of the city and Pelzerhaken are particularly noticeable at weekends.

Special bicycle infrastructures exist almost exclusively along the entry roads and the main traffic axes, although these are not always continuous. The most significant exception here is the eastern waterfront promenade in extension to Pelzerhaken, where continuous pedestrian and bicycle paths are available.


Aldogan, Belau, Boy, Brüns, Carbuhn, Fleischer, Fleischfresser, Flohr, Fritzemeier, Hoffmann, Huck, Knoche, Könnecker, Kruse, Kutschke, Kücüker, Lehstmann, Leicher, Meyer, Nicolaus, Nürnberger, Petersen, Rink, Schlüter, Schulze, Söhrnsen, Spitzer, Thiel, Westphal

The analysis was prepared by:




Concept 1

Concept 2

Concept 3

Concept 4

Concept 5

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Konzept 5

Konzept 4

Konzept 3

Konzept 2

Konzept 1


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